Reduction and hydroboration with borane and haloborane complexes of poly(propylene sulfide) grafted on crosslinked polystyrene

Abraham Domb, Yair Avny

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Abstract

Preparation of borane and haloborane complexes of poly(propylene sulfide) grafted on crosslinked polystyrene was investigated. Graft polymer–borane was prepared by reaction of graft polymer with B2H6 and BH3–THF. Graft polymer–haloborane was prepared by reaction with haloborane–tetrahydrofuran and by reaction of borane‐bound graft polymer with halogen. Graft polymers with high borane (2.44 mmol/g) and haloborane (163 mmol/g) content were reached. The use of these graft polymers as polymeric reagents for reduction of carbonyl compounds and hydroboration was investigated. Aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, and esters were reduced in high yields to the corresponding alcohols by borane‐bound graft polymer. The graft polymer showed good chemoselectivity in competative reduction of cyclohexanone and other ketones and aldehydes, as well as in competative reduction of acetophenone and benzaldehyde. Reactivity of graft and homopolymer–borane was similar to that of borane–methyl sulfide. Hydroboration of alkenes with these graft polymers, followed by alkaline oxidation, led to the formation of the corresponding alcohols in high yields. Hydroboration was highly regioselective. Stability of the graft polymer–borane and recycling of that graft polymer were investigated. Cleavage of the poly(propylene sulfide) by the borane bound polymer took place to some extent. At 0°C no borane loss was found over a 5‐week period. When recycled, 85% of the original borane content could be regenerated at the end of the fourth cycle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3589-3604
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume30
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1985
Externally publishedYes

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