Recyclable Adsorbents for Potash Brine Desalination Based on Silicate Powder: Application, Regeneration and Utilization

Akmaral B. Rakhym, Zarina Ye Baranchiyeva, Aruzhan K. Kenessova, Bagashar B. Zhaksybai, Diana N. Dauzhanova, Yitzhak Mastai, Gulziya A. Seilkhanova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Silicate mineral powders (SMP) from weathered granite soil from Kazakhstan are proposed for the desalination of potash brines containing sodium, potassium and chloride ions. Batch adsorption experiments using acid-treated silicate (AS) achieved a Na+/K+/Cl recovery of ~13/28/6 mg/g. An isothermal study best fitted the Freundlich and Dubinin–Radushkevich models for Na+ and K+/Cl. The kinetic data were best modeled by pseudo-second-order kinetics for Na+/K+ and pseudo-first-order for Cl. Thermodynamic calculations showed spontaneity under natural conditions. For Na+/K+, physisorption is accompanied by ion exchange. To study the possibility of sorbent reuse, several cycles of K+/Na+ adsorption–desorption were carried out under optimal conditions. AS selectively adsorbed potassium ions, maintaining a high effectiveness during five cycles providing K-form silicate fertilizers. Leachates of spent AS contain high concentrations of K/Na/Ca/Mg and other microelements essential for plants. Thus, SMP resolve two issues: the desalination of brine and the provision of fertilizer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number61
JournalColloids and Interfaces
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Keywords

  • K-silicate fertilizer
  • chloride adsorption
  • potassium adsorption
  • silicate mineral powders
  • sodium adsorption
  • sorbent regeneration

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