## Abstract

A graph G is well-covered if all its maximal independent sets are of the same cardinality. Assume that a weight function w is defined on its vertices. Then G is wwell-covered if all maximal independent sets are of the same weight. For every graph G, the set of weight functions w such that G is w-well-covered is a vector space, denoted as WCW(G). Deciding whether an input graph G is well-covered is co-NP-complete. Therefore, finding WCW(G) is co-NP-hard. A generating subgraph of a graph G is an induced complete bipartite subgraph B of G on vertex sets of bipartition BX and BY, such that each of S ∪ BX and S ∪ BY is a maximal independent set of G, for some independent set S. If B is generating, then w(BX) = w(BY) for every weight function w WCW(G). Therefore, generating subgraphs play an important role in finding WCW(G). The decision problem whether a subgraph of an input graph is generating is known to be NP-complete. In this article we prove NP- completeness of the problem for graphs without cycles of length 3 and 5, and for bipartite graphs with girth at least 6. On the other hand, we supply polynomial algorithms for recognizing generating subgraphs and finding WCW(G), when the input graph is bipartite without cycles of length 6. We also present a polynomial algorithm which finds WCW(G) when G does not contain cycles of lengths 3, 4, 5, and 7.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 93-114 |

Number of pages | 22 |

Journal | International Journal of Foundations of Computer Science |

Volume | 32 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jan 2021 |

Externally published | Yes |

### Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:© 2021 World Scientific Publishing Company.

## Keywords

- Weighted well-covered graph
- generating sub-graph
- maximal independent set
- vector space