Realization of Stable Cathode-Electrolyte Interfaces in DMSO Based Li-O2 Batteries: Experimental and Theoretical Perspectives

Malachi Noked, Marshall A Schroeder, Nitin Kumar, Alexander J Pearse, Kevin Leung, Sang Bok Lee, Gary W Rubloff

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstractpeer-review


One of the primary challenges impeding realization of the non-aqueous Li-O2 battery is finding a solvent that is chemically and electrochemically stable under cell operating conditions. Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is an attractive candidate for rechargeable Li-O 2 battery studies; however, there is still significant controversy regarding its stability on the Li-O 2 cathode surface.   We report here results from a model  cathode system featuring various atomic layer deposited (ALD) catalysts including Ru, RuO 2 , and Pt on a mesoporous CNT sponge to study the OER/ORR behavior in DMSO-based Li-O 2 cells. We performed multiple experiments (in-situ XPS, FTIR, Raman, and XRD) which assess the stability of the DMSO-Li 2 O 2 interface and report perspectives on previously published studies. Our electrochemical experiments demonstrate long term, stable cycling of DMSO-based Li-O 2 cells. This work is complemented by density functional theory calculations of DMSO degradation pathways on Li 2 O 2 . Both experimental and theoretical evidence strongly suggest that oxidation of DMSO on the surface of Li 2 O 2 is very unlikely to spontaneously occur and will take place only under certain conditions and to a minor extent under controlled operating voltages and in cell environments free of acidic function groups (either in the electrolyte or porous scaffold). Figure 1
Original languageAmerican English
Article number758
Pages (from-to)758-758
Number of pages1
JournalECS Meeting Abstracts
Issue numberP1
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

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© 2016 ECS - The Electrochemical Society


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