Reactive interdiffusion: A method for making composition graded metal-ceramic composites

S. N.S. Reddy, K. T. Jacob, G. Rajitha

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Presented is a new method for making composition graded metal-ceramic composites using reactive interdiffusion between a metal and a complex ceramic. Composition variation in both metal and ceramic phases with distance along the direction of diffusion is achieved. The design criteria for developing such composites are discussed. The system should exhibit extensive solid solubility in both metallic and ceramic phases, a defined gradation in the stabilities of the oxides, and mobility of electrons or holes in the oxide solid solution. The complex ceramic used for making the composite should be polycrystalline with sufficient porosity to accommodate the volume expansion caused by alloy precipitation. An inert atmosphere to prevent oxidation and high processing temperature to facilitate diffusive transport are required. The process is illustrated using the reaction couples Fe-NiTiO 3, Fe-(Mg,Co)TiO 3 and Fe-(Ni,Co)TiO 3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-103
Number of pages7
JournalHigh Temperature Materials and Processes
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes


This work was partially supported by the University Grants Commission, India, through the award of Dr. D. S. Kothari Postdoctoral Fellowship to G. Rajitha, and by the Indian National Academy of Engineering through the award of Distinguished Professorship to K. T. Jacob.

FundersFunder number
Indian National Academy of Engineering
University Grants Commission


    • Composition-graded composites
    • Diffusion
    • Interfaces
    • Metalceramic composite
    • Microstructure


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