Rater wealth predicts perceptions of outgroup competence

Wayne Chan, Robert R. McCrae, Darrin L. Rogers, Amy A. Weimer, David M. Greenberg, Antonio Terracciano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


National income has a pervasive influence on the perception of ingroup stereotypes, with high status and wealthy targets perceived as more competent. In two studies we investigated the degree to which economic wealth of raters related to perceptions of outgroup competence. Raters' economic wealth predicted trait ratings when (1) raters in 48 other cultures rated Americans' competence and (2) Mexican Americans rated Anglo Americans' competence. Rater wealth also predicted ratings of interpersonal warmth on the culture level. In conclusion, raters' economic wealth, either nationally or individually, is significantly associated with perception of outgroup members, supporting the notion that ingroup conditions or stereotypes function as frames of reference in evaluating outgroup traits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)597-603
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Competence
  • Group perceptions
  • National character
  • Stereotypes
  • Wealth


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