Finding renewable energy sources is of paramount importance to meet the increasing global energy demand whilst minimizing the impact on the environment. The research community has focused on solar energy as it is endlessly available, and have ranked the methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3) as one of the most promising candidate amongst perovskite solar cells. Despite its high efficiency, the MAPbI3 is sensitive to humidity, light, and temperature, its instability affects primarily on the crystalline structure and eventually leads to degradation. Three crystalline structures are known for this material, orthorhombic, tetragonal, and cubic which exist in different temperatures. Here we report on several processes detected from laser excitation of MAPbI3 single crystal at ambient conditions. A phase transition from tetragonal to cubic phase was induced by excitation of over 15 mW laser power. The phases were characterized by LF-Raman and photoluminescence, taken simultaneously with the increase of exciting laser power and the spectral changes were assigned to the structural differences. In addition, Raman stimulation of iodine vapors signal was observed, those vapors were generated from the core of the focus wherein the highest temperature led to degradation. The stimulated Raman phenomenon was enabled due to the unique properties of the MAPbI3 single crystal and revealed viability to use this material for additional applications in other research fields.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China ( 21872080 ), and Young Talents Thousand Program .
- Low frequency Raman
- Methylammonium lead iodide
- Phase transition
- Single crystal
- Stimulated Raman