Radiological Comparison of Canal Fill between Collared and Non-Collared Femoral Stems: A Two-Year Follow-Up after Total Hip Arthroplasty

Itay Ashkenazi, Amit Benady, Shlomi Ben Zaken, Shai Factor, Mohamed Abadi, Ittai Shichman, Samuel Morgan, Aviram Gold, Nimrod Snir, Yaniv Warschawski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Collared femoral stems in total hip arthroplasty (THA) offer reduced subsidence and periprosthetic fractures but raise concerns about fit accuracy and stem sizing. This study compares collared and non-collared stems to assess the stem–canal fill ratio (CFR) and fixation indicators, aiming to guide implant selection and enhance THA outcomes. This retrospective single-center study examined primary THA patients who received Corail cementless stems between August 2015 and October 2020, with a minimum of two years of radiological follow-up. The study compared preoperative bone quality assessments, including the Dorr classification, the canal flare index (CFI), the morphological cortical index (MCI), and the canal bone ratio (CBR), as well as postoperative radiographic evaluations, such as the CFR and component fixation, between patients who received a collared or a non-collared femoral stem. The study analyzed 202 THAs, with 103 in the collared cohort and 99 in the non-collared cohort. Patients’ demographics showed differences in age (p = 0.02) and ASA classification (p = 0.01) but similar preoperative bone quality between groups, as suggested by the Dorr classification (p = 0.15), CFI (p = 0.12), MCI (p = 0.26), and CBR (p = 0.50). At the two-year follow-up, femoral stem CFRs (p = 0.59 and p = 0.27) were comparable between collared and non-collared cohorts. Subsidence rates were almost doubled for non-collared patients (19.2 vs. 11.7%, p = 0.17), however, not to a level of clinical significance. The findings of this study show that both collared and non-collared Corail stems produce comparable outcomes in terms of the CFR and radiographic indicators for stem fixation. These findings reduce concerns about stem under-sizing and micro-motion in collared stems. While this study provides insights into the collar design debate in THA, further research remains necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Article number99
JournalJournal of Imaging
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Apr 2024
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 by the authors.

Keywords

  • collared vs. non-collared
  • fixation indicators
  • radiological assessment
  • stem–canal fill ratio (CFR)
  • total hip arthroplasty (THA)

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