Quantitative ratio of primer pairs and annealing temperature affecting PCR products in duplex amplification

Dani Bercovich, Zipi Regev, Tal Ratz, Anthony Luder, Yoram Plotsky, Yosef Gruenbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The quantity of PCR products that are simultaneously amplified from two different loci in a duplex amplification (DA) are significantly lower for one of the loci, as compared to identical PCR amplification in separate single- band amplifications (SBA). This difference in amplification probably occurs already after the second cycle of amplification. To further analyze this phenomenon, we tested different reaction conditions, including annealing times, a wide range of temperatures, various quantities of the template, several nucleotide concentrations, different amounts of TaqI DNA Polymerase, number of amplification cycles and various amounts of primers and primers ratio. Changing the ratio between the sets of primers in DA had the most significant effect on the relative levels of amplification of the loci with an optimal ratio of 4:1 in favor of the set of primers used to amplify the underrepresented fragment. The optimal annealing temperatures for the tested sets of primers were identical in SBA and different in DA. Possible reasons for this phenomenon are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)762-770
Number of pages9
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1999
Externally publishedYes


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