Pulsed laser deposition and characterization of high-Tc YBa2Cu3O7-x superconducting thin films

Rajiv K. Singh, D. Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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This article presents a systematic overview of the work carried out in the area of pulsed laser deposition (PLD), characterization and device application aspects of high temperature superconducting YBCO thin films. The theoretical and experimental aspects of the pulsed laser deposition process for the synthesis of YBCO thin films have been described in detail. The deposition technique has emerged as a very powerful method to make composition and microstructure controlled superconducting YBCO films. Some unique features of this process are due to the rapid heating and evaporation of the target and the interaction of the laser beam with the evaporated materials leading to the formation of a high temperature plasma. Major advantages of PLD process are congruent evaporation and crystallinity due to the presence of high energy evaporants and fast response time. It has the potential to encompass a wide scope of physical vapor-deposition techniques from thermal evaporation to sputtering and MBE. The electrical and structural studies performed on laser deposited YBCO films have shown that films produced by PLD are superior than films produced by other thin film growth techniques. The major technical obstacle of particulates emission, encountered initially with PLD, has now greatly been solved. Some new developments with PLD technology such as large-area and nonplanar substrates coatings and growth of novel superconductors as oriented films have been demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-185
Number of pages73
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering R: Reports
Issue number4
StatePublished - 15 Apr 1998
Externally publishedYes


The part of this research was supported by grants from National Young Investigator award through the Materials Research Division of National Science Foundation, USA and the Department of Energy, USA. The authors gratefully acknowledge the useful discussions with Professor Jay Narayan of North Carolina State University, Raleigh, and Professor R. Pinto and Dr. P.R. Apte of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Bombay.

FundersFunder number
National Science Foundation
U.S. Department of Energy


    • Laser beam
    • Pulsed laser deposition (PLD)
    • Substrate


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