Prospective evaluation of basal stromal Doppler studies in women with good ovarian reserve and infertility undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer treatment: Patients with polycystic ovary syndrome versus ovulatory patients

Johnny S. Younis, Jimmy E. Jadaon, Sami Haddad, Ido Izhaki, Moshe Ben-Ami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To gain insight into the ovarian stromal blood flow in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) as compared with women with normal ovulation, good ovarian reserve, and infertility and to evaluate the role of stromal flow in these patients to predict clinical pregnancy in an assisted reproductive technologies setting. Design: A prospective observational cohort study. Setting: A university-affiliated reproductive medicine unit. Patient(s): Eighteen consecutive patients with PCOS (study) compared with 101 patients with normal ovulation and infertility (control), undergoing their first IVF-ET treatment at our unit. Women with low ovarian reserve were excluded a priori from evaluation. Basal ovarian reserve parameters and stromal flow studies were conducted as routinely performed in our unit, in a natural cycle before starting treatment. Intervention(s): None. Main Outcome Measure(s): Basal ovarian endocrine, sonographic, and stromal flow studies were compared between the groups. After completion of treatment, the stromal flow studies were compared between conception and nonconception cycles. Result(s): Patients' characteristics and basal ovarian reserve, including endocrine and sonographic parameters, were similar between the PCOS and control groups. Only antral follicle count and LH/FSH ratio were higher in the PCOS as compared with the control group, corresponding to 15.11 ± 6.05 versus 9.05 ± 4.77 and 1.14 ± 0.64 versus 0.79 ± 0.37, respectively. Basal stromal flow indices were similar between the PCOS group and the group with normal ovulation and good ovarian reserve. Clinical pregnancy rate per initiated cycle was 50.0% and 39.6% in the PCOS and control groups, respectively, with no significant difference. Flow indices were similar between conception cycles in the PCOS and control groups. As well, the indices did not differ significantly between conception and nonconception cycles within the PCOS and control groups. Conclusion(s): Basal ovarian stromal blood flow does not differ between women with PCOS and women with normal ovulation, good ovarian reserve, and infertility. Moreover, stromal flow has no predictive value, in these patients, for clinical pregnancy achievement in an IVF-ET setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1754-1758
Number of pages5
JournalFertility and Sterility
Volume95
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Doppler
  • IVF-ET
  • PCOS
  • Stromal blood flow
  • ovarian reserve

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