Promoting the Will and Skill of Students at Academic Risk: An Evaluation of an Instructional Design Geared to Foster Achievement, Self-Efficacy and Motivation.

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    Abstract

    The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of an instructional design in enhancing the academic competence and confidence of students who are at risk for dropping out of school. It is a comparative study aimed at exploring the role instructional practices adopted by schools play in developing and cultivating self-efficacy beliefs. Thirty-seven students enrolled in an Israeli remedial highschool which applied a learner centered structured academic program geared to raise students' academic achievements while providing them with opportunities to gain confidence in their learning abilities were compared to 15 students enrolled in an Israeli conventional remedial high-school. The results indicate that a structured academic program yields significantly higher achievement and self-efficacy scores, and a higher internal motivational orientation. Findings suggest that applying a program geared to foster both academic competence and confidence provides a beneficial synergy to the student. This study supports the contention of social cognitive theory that to increase achievement educational efforts should focus on raising students' self-efficacy through authentic mastery experiences (Bandura, 1977, 1997). Results are further discussed regarding implications for practice and theory. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Pages (from-to)28-40
    Number of pages13
    JournalJournal of Instructional Psychology
    Volume30
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - Mar 2003

    Bibliographical note

    Accession Number: 507812771; Authors:Alfassi, Miriam; Physical Description: Bibliography; Table; Subject: Student-centered learning; Subject: Alternative education; Subject: At-risk students; Subject: Remedial teaching; Subject: Evaluation; Subject: Students; Subject: Academic achievement; Subject: School dropouts; Subject: Israel; Number of Pages: 13p; Record Type: Article

    Keywords

    • Student-centered learning
    • Alternative education
    • At-risk students
    • Remedial teaching
    • Evaluation
    • Students
    • Academic achievement
    • School dropouts

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