Procedural justice, stress appraisal, and athletes' attitudes

Rachel Ben-Ari, Yishay Tsur, Dov Har-Even

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


In this study the authors examined a model in which procedural justice may serve as an external-situational resource that improves athletes' appraisals of stress and enhances their attitudes toward their team. Eighty-one Israeli male athletes were questioned on the degree of procedural justice employed on their team, how they appraised stress, and their attitudes toward their team. Results showed that higher procedural justice was associated with more positive appraisals of stress as a challenge and greater team loyalty and commitment and that the relationship of procedural justice to team commitment and loyalty was mediated by how stress is appraised. Findings integrate the cognitive- phenomenological model of stress/coping with the relational factors of the procedural justice approach and extend their validity to the field of sport.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-44
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Journal of Stress Management
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2006


  • Procedural justice
  • Sports psychology
  • Stress
  • Team commitment
  • Team loyalty


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