Probing the structural and electrical traits of lead-free Zn/Mn co-substituted CaCu3Ti4O12-based perovskite ceramics

S. Grace Infantiya, A. Aslinjensipriya, R. Sylvia Reena, K. Joseph Pious, Periyasamy Sivakumar, C. Justin Raj, S. Jerome Das

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Abstract

Perovskite ceramics are captivating in the field of electronics by virtue of their exceptionally high dielectric permittivity and numerous potential applications such as power transmission, storage devices, and capacitors. Herein, Zn and Mn-co-substituted polycrystalline Ca1−xZnxCu3−yMnyTi4O12 (x = 0.05, 0.1, 0.15 and y = 0.1, 0.15, 0.2), a lead-free perovskite ceramics material is fabricated through the economically viable sol–gel technique and employed to examine the structural, morphological, dielectric, and electrical conductivity studies. Co-substitution of Zn and Mn ions leads to a significant reduction in the grain size for the CCTO ceramic compound. All the prepared ceramics exhibit a pristine cubic perovskite phase with a space group of Im-3. The surface topography of the as-prepared thermally etched CCTO ceramic exemplifies homogeneous grain distribution and minimal porosity on the surface. The incorporation of Zn and Mn ions increased the grain boundary resistance (R GB), lowering the dielectric loss and improving the temperature stability of the dielectric attributes. The relaxation dynamics were highlighted using the complex impedance and modulus framework, whereas the conduction framework was probed using electrical conductivity. The temperature progression of electrical conduction is implemented by Jonscher’s power law and outlined in terms of an overlapping large-polaron tunneling (OLPT) model. The comprehensive impedance and conductivity studies confirmed that the ceramics have a negative temperature coefficient of resistance (NTCR), acknowledging the semiconducting nature of the samples at an elevated temperature. Accordingly, the co-substitution of Zn and Mn ions at the A-sites improves the overall performance of dielectric and electrical features of the CCTO ceramics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1994
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics
Volume34
Issue number29
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2023
Externally publishedYes

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

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