Probability distribution of pixel intensities of ebt3 films and its application in the correction of uncertainty budget

Rahul Kumar Chaudhary, Munir Pathan, Rajesh Kumar, S. Sharma, B. Sapra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background and Aim: Modern radiotherapy modalities, such as Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy and Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy involve complex dose delivery. The dose delivery is complex as it involves beam modulation, hence, manual dose calculations for these techniques are not possible. Film dosimetry is commonly used method of dose verification for these modalities because of the advantages associated with it. The quantification of uncertainty associated with a film dosimetry system under clinical use becomes important for accurate dosimetry. The spread in the distribution of the pixel values (PV) of the irradiated film contributes to the uncertainty. The probability distribution (PD) of the PV was studied for the clinical photon beam energies of 6, 10, and 15 MV. Methods and Materials: Gafchromic EBT3 film and EPSON 10000XL flatbed scanner were used for this purpose and using the resulting PD, the uncertainty budgets for these energies in the red, green and blue color channels were estimated. Results: The PV of exposed films for the energies studied follows t-distribution, the sum of the squares of the deviation of the measured data from the fitted value was of the order of 10-7, this indicates the goodness of fit. The 't' value corrected combined standard uncertainty (CSU) at 1σ confidence level for exposed film and dose measurement at 200 cGy were 1.42%, 1.48%, and 1.63% and 1.99%, 3.23%, and 5.08% for 6, 10, and 15 MV energies, respectively, in the red colour channel. Conclusion: In the case of the limited number of measurements of a quantity, the SU values must be corrected using the 't' value to get the correct CSU.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-32
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Medical Physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Journal of Medical Physics | Published by Wolters Kluwer-Medknow.


  • EBT3 films
  • film dosimetry
  • flatbed scanners
  • uncertainty budget


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