Preparedness for Mass Casualty Incidents: The Effectiveness of Current Training Model

Seema Biswas, Hany Bahouth, Evgeny Solomonov, Igor Waksman, Michael Halberthal, Miklosh Bala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The importance of MCI organization and training was highlighted by the events of September 11, 2001. Training focuses on the management of physical injuries caused by a single traumatic event over a well-defined, relatively short timeframe. MCI management is integrated into surgical and trauma training, with disaster management training involving the emergency services, law enforcement, and state infrastructure agencies. The COVID-19 pandemic revealed gaps in the preparedness of nation states and global partners in disaster management. The questions that arose include 'has training really prepared us for an actual emergency,' 'what changes need to be made to training to make it more effective,' and 'who else should training be extended to?' This article focuses on the importance of involving multiple sectors in mass casualty training and asks whether greater involvement of non-medical agencies and the public, in operational drills might improve preparedness for global events such as the COVID-19 pandemic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2120-2128
Number of pages9
JournalDisaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Issue number5
StatePublished - 29 Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of Society for Disaster Medicine and Public Health, Inc.


  • Mass casualty incidents
  • disaster medicine
  • emergency medical services
  • emergency preparedness
  • trauma centers


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