Preparation of novel photoreactive polycarbazole-based microparticles: Reactivity features

Maria Naddaka, Ejabul Mondal, Jean Paul Lellouche

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Four types of innovative benzophenone (BPh)- or aryl azide (ArAz)-containing photoreactive polycarbazole (polyCbz)-based microparticles (MPs) were prepared using an oxidative liquid phase polymerization system. Their photochemical reactivity was evaluated by their reaction with highly inert poly(2-chloro-paraxylelene) (Parylene C) films. Possible mechanisms for the photochemical reaction of those MPs with Parylene C were discussed. The highly photoreactive BPh was found to react more inside the particle causing internal cross-linking of MP polyCbz chains, fusion between adjoining particles and deformation of their spherical structure. In contrast, the less reactive but more selective ArAz-containing MPs were found to react much more with Parylene C. The strong reactivity of such photoreactive MPs toward Parylene C films emphasizes a general method for the functionalization of stable nonfunctional polymeric coatings. This paves the way to simple and solvent-free functionalization of nonfunctional coatings and materials by light.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4687-4693
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Issue number21
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2011


  • conjugated polymers
  • functionalization of polymers
  • photochemistry
  • polycarbazole
  • structure-property relations


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