Pregnancy rates are higher with intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection than with conventional intracytoplasmic injection

Benjamin Bartoov, Arie Berkovitz, Fina Eltes, Avraham Kogosovsky, Arie Yagoda, Hanna Lederman, Shira Artzi, Moshe Gross, Yona Barak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

313 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To verify whether microinjection into retrieved oocytes of motile spermatozoa with morphologically normal nuclei, strictly defined by high power light microscopy (X >6000), improves the IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) pregnancy rate in couples with repeated ICSI failures. Design: Comparative prospective study testing routine IVF/ICSI outcome parameters against those of modified ICSI based on morphological selection of spermatozoa with normal nuclei. Setting: Male factor fertility laboratory and IVF center. Patient(s): Sixty-two couples, with at least two previous consequent pregnancy failed ICSI cycles, underwent a single ICSI trial preceded by morphological selection of spermatozoa with normal nuclei. Fifty of these couples were matched with couples who underwent a routine ICSI procedure at the same IVF center and exhibited the same number of previous ICSI failures. Intervention(s): Standard ICSI and modified ICSI. Main Outcome Measure(s): ICSI pregnancy rate. Result(s): The matching study revealed that pregnancy rate after modified ICSI was significantly higher than that of the routine ICSI procedure (66.0% vs. 30.0%). Conclusion(s): Microinjection into retrieved oocytes of selected spermatozoa with strictly defined morphologically normal nuclei improves significantly the incidence of pregnancy in couples with previous ICSI failures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1413-1419
Number of pages7
JournalFertility and Sterility
Volume80
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2003

Keywords

  • IVF/ICSI
  • Male fertility
  • Pregnancy rate
  • Sperm morphological selection
  • Sperm nucleus

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