Predictors of Clinical Outcomes in Sexually Abused Adolescents

Lotem Tocker, Galit Ben-Amitay, Netta Horesh-Reinman, Michal Lask, Paz Toren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

This cross-sectional, case control study examines the association between child sexual abuse and interpersonal and intrapersonal outcomes among 54 adolescents, examining specific clinical measures (depression, anxiety, dissociation, and posttraumatic stress disorder, attachment patterns, self-esteem, self-disclosure, and family environment characteristics). The research results point to a correlation between sexual abuse and higher levels of the clinical measures. In addition, a correlation was found between sexual abuse and level of avoidant attachment, self-esteem, and family environment characteristics. Stepwise hierarchical regressions were conducted to examine how adolescent attributes predicted depression, anxiety, and dissociation beyond the prediction based on sexual abuse. A combination of self-esteem, anxiety attachment, and family cohesiveness made sexual abuse insignificant when predicting levels of depression, anxiety, and dissociation. This study contributes to characterizing the emotional, personal, and family attributes of adolescents who experienced sexual abuse. It also raises questions about the clinical outcomes usually associated with sexual abuse.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)487-505
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Child Sexual Abuse
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 19 May 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Taylor & Francis.

Keywords

  • adolescents
  • attachment
  • family relations
  • self-esteem
  • sexual abuse

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