Predictive factors for focal disease in human brucellosis, an observational cohort study

Halima Dabaja-Younis, Menas Atarieh, Michal Paul, Elias Nasrallah, Yuval Geffen, Imad Kassis, Nesrin Ghanem-Zoubi

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1 Scopus citations


This retrospective cohort study aimed to identify predictors for focal disease in human brucellosis. The study included patients with brucellosis diagnosed between January 2000 and December 2021. Overall, 247 patients were identified. Focal disease was diagnosed in 64 (25.9%) patients. The most common focal infection was bone and joint in 56 patients (23.4%). Disease duration > 14 days was significantly associated with focal illness [OR = 2.2 (1.08–4.47), p = 0.030], although febrile illness was inversely associated with focal illness this did not reach statistical significance [OR = 0.46 (0.21–1.00), p = 0.050]. Focal brucellosis should be suspected in patients with prolonged illness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-226
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


  • Brucellosis
  • Complications
  • Focal
  • Unfavorable


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