Predicting Worker Turnover: An Assessment of Intent on Actual Separations

Alan Kirschenbaum, Jacob Weisberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

The predictive ability of most turnover models emanates from a key construct measuring a worker's intention to withdraw from a work organization. Empirical evidence to collaborate this cardinal assumption has, however, only moderate support. To test the predictive value of intention to leave, a logistic regression model of combined cross-sectional and longitudinal survey data on workers'potential and actual turnover was initiated. The results demonstrate that actual turnover and intent are influenced by a separate set of factors with intent a poor predictor of turnover behavior. Age, tenure, wage level, and perceived chances for improvement at the job were found to have a significant impact on actual separation, but not on the intent to leave. Work repetitiveness, importance of improvement, and perception of co-workers' intent influence the intent to move, but not turnover. Perception of co-workers' intentions to leave and importance of improvement played a dual role for both intent and turnover, but much more so for intentions. Further confirmation of these differences was sought by in/excluding intentions into the logistic regression of all the independent variables on actual separation. No improvement in the model occurred indicating the negligible impact of intent on explaining turnover. A parsimonious regression equation to optimize prediction of actual turnover was created, leading to a high and low risk leaver-stayer profile with probabilities ranging from 85.3% to 3.9%. The overall conclusion confirms the distinctiveness of intention and turnover as distinct constructs which are only superficially linked. As they differ in their basic explanatory antecedents, only variables linked to turnover predict work separations. Intentions do not.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)829-847
Number of pages19
JournalHuman Relations
Volume43
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1990

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