Predicting the miniaturization limit of vertical organic field effect transistor (VOFET) with perforated graphene as a source electrode

Gaurav Shukla, Ramesh Singh Bisht, Pramod Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Vertical organic field effect transistors (VOFETs) are of paramount importance due to their fast switching speed, low power consumption, and higher density on a chip compared to lateral OFETs. The low charge carrier mobility in organic semiconductors and longer channel lengths in lateral OFETs lead to higher operating voltages. The channel length in VOFETs can be less than 100 nm which reduces the size of the channel and hence the operating voltages. Another important factor in the operation of VOFETs is the thickness and width of the source electrode. The channel length, source electrode thickness and width sets the miniaturization limit of the VOFETs. The graphene monolayer can be exploited as a source electrode due to its thinness, high carrier mobility, and metallic behaviors. However, for better gate modulation, perforations in the source material are desired. Here, we simulate the VOFET having perforated graphene monolayer as a source electrode and n-type organic semiconductor N, N′-dioctyl-3,4,9,10-perylenedicarboximide (PTCDI-C8) as an active channel material, while aluminum as a drain electrode to predict the best-miniaturized device. The miniaturization limit of such a VOFET has a limit to the gate opening/perforation in which the minimum source width is 10 nm, as in the sub 10 nm range graphene starts behaving like a semiconductor. The subthreshold swing, deduced from the drain current (J D) versus gate voltage (V G) graph, advocates the limit of the organic semiconductor height/channel length to 50 nm, while 50 nm for the gate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035201
Issue number3
StatePublished - 15 Jan 2024
Externally publishedYes

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  • charge carrier transport
  • graphene based transistors
  • organic semiconductors
  • vertical OFETs


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