Inherited epidermolysis bullosa (EB) simplex is a heterogeneous group of skin fragility disorders caused by mutations in genes encoding cell-cell or cell-matrix adhesion proteins. A recently identified, rare subtype of EB simplex is due to bi-allelic mutations in the EXPH5 gene, which encodes exophilin5, an effector protein of the Rab27B GTPase involved in intracellular vesicle trafficking and exosome secretion. The EXPH5 EB subtype is characterized by early-onset skin blisters and scars, mainly on extremities, and varying degrees of pigmentary alterations. Here, we present a 31-year-old female with diffuse guttate hypopigmentation on the trunk and extremities since early childhood, with no apparent blisters or scars. We employed whole exome sequencing of germline DNA extracted from the patient's leukocytes to determine the genetic aetiology of the phenotype. A novel homozygous variant in EXPH5, c.1153C>T causing a premature stop codon at amino acid Glutamine 385, was identified. Histologic examination after skin pricking disclosed focal keratinocyte detachment typical to EB. Additionally, we identified a deleterious-predicted variant in ENPP1, a gene associated with disturbed transfer of melanosomes to keratinocytes in Cole disease. Our report expands the clinical spectrum of inherited EB simplex with a possible di-genic synergism contributing to co-presentation with guttate leukoderma.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The study was supported by a generous donation from the Trottner family. We appreciate language editing assistance provided by DerMEDit (www.DerMEDit.com).
© 2022 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
- epidermolysis bullosa
- genetic skin diseases
- skin abnormalities