Post-stroke ASPECTS predicts outcome after thrombectomy

Ronen R. Leker, Asaf Honig, Andrei Filioglo, Naaem Simaan, John M. Gomori, Jose E. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Infarct growth and final infarct volume are established outcome modifiers following endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) for patients with large vessel occlusion stroke (LVO). Simple techniques for final infarct volume measurement are lacking, and therefore, we tested whether post-EVT ASPECTS can be used for prognostic evaluation after EVT. Methods: Infarct size at baseline was measured in a prospective cohort of patients with LVO that underwent EVT with the ASPECTS score on admission non-contrast CT. Final infarct size was assessed with a post-EVT ASPECTS (ASPECTS-POST) obtained from a follow-up CT 24–72 h post-EVT. The best performing ASPECTS-POST was chosen based on comparisons of different thresholds. Outcome measures included survival rates and modified Rankin Score at 90 days. Results: A total of 272 patients were included and 166 of them had an ASPECTS-POST ≥ 7. ASPECTS-POST ≥ 7 was associated with increased likelihood of favorable outcome at 90 days (67% vs. 21%, p < 0.001) with sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of 86%, 58%, 61%, and 85%, respectively. On multivariate analysis, ASPECTS-POST ≥ 7 was found to be a significant modifier of favorable outcome (Odds Ratio [OR] 6.2, 95% confidence intervals [CI] 3.1–12.4) and survival (OR 5.8 95% CI 2.4–14.3). Conclusion: ASPECTS can be rapidly and easily obtained from the post-EVT NCCT and ASPECTS-POST ≥ 7 correlates with good outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)769-775
Number of pages7
JournalNeuroradiology
Volume63
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • ASPECTS
  • Cerebrovascular disease
  • Endovascular
  • Stroke
  • Thrombectomy

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Post-stroke ASPECTS predicts outcome after thrombectomy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this