Positive symptoms and duration of illness predict functional laterality and attention modulation in schizophrenia

E. M. Løberg, H. A. Jørgensen, M. F. Green, B. R. Rund, A. Lund, Å Diseth, M. Øie, K. Hugdahl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Dichotic listening (DL) performance in schizophrenia, reflecting hemispheric asymmetry and the functional integrity of the left temporal lobe, can vary with clinical characteristics. Previous studies have not taken the co-linearity of clinical variables into account. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the roles of positive symptoms and duration of illness in DL through Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), thus allowing for complex relationships between the variables. Method: We pooled patients from four previous DL studies to create a heterogeneous group of 129 schizophrenic patients, all tested with a consonant-vowel syllables DL procedure that included attentional instructions. Results: A model where positive symptoms predicted a laterality component and duration of illness predicted an attention component in DL was confirmed. Conclusion: Positive symptoms predicted reduced functional laterality, suggesting involvement of left temporal lobe language processing. Duration of illness predicted impaired attention modulation, possibly reflecting the involvement of frontotemporal networks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)322-331
Number of pages10
JournalActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume113
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Attention
  • Dichotic listening tests
  • Laterality
  • Schizophrenia
  • Symptoms

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