Polymer template assisted synthesis of porous Li1.2Mn 0.53Ni0.13Co0.13O2 as a high capacity and high rate capability positive electrode material

Tirupathi Rao Penki, D. Shanmughasundaram, A. V. Jeyaseelan, A. K. Subramani, N. Munichandraiah

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Abstract

A porous layered composite of Li2MnO3 and LiMn 1/3Co1/3Ni1/3O2 (composition: Li1.2Mn0.53Ni0.13Co0.13O 2) is prepared by reverse microemulsion method employing a soft polymer template and studied as a positive electrode material. The precursor is heated at several temperatures between 500 and 900°C. The product samples possess mesoporosity with broadly distributed pores of about 30 nm diameters. There is a decrease in pore volume as well as in surface area by increasing the temperature of preparation. Nevertheless, the electrochemical activity of the composite increases with an increase in temperature. The discharge capacity values of the samples prepared at 800 and 900°C are about 250 mAh g -1 at a specific current of 40 mA g-1 with an excellent cycling stability. A value of 225 mAh g-1 is obtained at the end of 30 charge-discharge cycles. Both these composite samples possess high rate capability, but the 800°C sample is marginally superior to the 900°C sample. A discharge capacity of 100 mAh g-1 is obtained at a specific current of 1000 mA g-1. The high rate capability is attributed to porous nature of the composite samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A33-A39
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume161
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

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