Polyetherimide (PEI) nanocomposite with WS2 nanotubes

Dotan Babai, Iddo Pinkas, Doron Naveh, Reshef Tenne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nanocomposite materials, integrating nanoscale additives into a polymer matrix, hold immense promise for their exceptional property amalgamation. This study delves into the fabrication and characterization of polyetherimide (PEI) nanocomposite strings fortified with multiwall WS2 nanotubes. The manufacturing process capitalizes on the preferential alignment of WS2 nanotubes along the string axis, corroborated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Mechanical measurements unveil a remarkable acceleration of strain hardening in the nanocomposite strings, chiefly attributed to the WS2 nanotubes. Structural analyses via X-ray diffraction (XRD) and wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) reveal intriguing structural alterations during tensile deformation. Notably a semi-crystalline framework ∼100 nm in diameter surrounding the WS2 nanotubes emerges, which is stabilized by the π-π interactions between the PEI chains. The amorphous majority phase (97% by volume) undergoes also major structural changes upon strain becoming more compact and closing-up of the distance beweeetn the PEI chains. Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) demonstrates improved thermal stability of the evolved semi-crystalline π-π oriented PEI molecules, characterized by delayed thermal “structural melting”, underscoring the pivotal role of the WS2 nanotubes in reinforcing the nanocomposite. The insight gained in this study of WS2 nanotube-reinforced PEI nanocomposite strings, could offer diverse applications for such tailor-made polymeric materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9917-9934
Number of pages18
JournalNanoscale
Volume16
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - 23 May 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

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