Platelet factor XI: intracellular localization and mRNA splicing following platelet activation

M. Zucker, H. Hauschner, U. Seligsohn, N. Rosenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Background The structure and function of platelet factor XI (FXI) protein and the presence of F11 mRNA in platelets are controversial. Although platelets are anucleated cells they contain spliceosome components and pre-mRNAs. Three platelet proteins have been demonstrated to be spliced upon platelet activation. Objective To determine whether FXI is also spliced upon activation and to discern the localization of FXI in platelets. Methods Localization of FXI in platelets was assessed by confocal immunofluorescence staining. ELISA, chromogenic assay and western blot analyses were used to measure antigen levels, activity levels and size of FXI in platelets, respectively. Splicing patterns of F11 mRNA were assessed in three states of platelet activation: activated platelets, resting platelets and αIIbβ3-integrin activated platelets. Results Platelet FXI was exhibited in platelet granules. Activated platelets exhibited higher levels of mature F11 mRNA and protein and lower levels of F11 pre-mRNA compared to resting or αIIbβ3-integrin activated platelets. Conclusions We confirmed the presence of FXI in platelets and showed that it is localized in granules but is not restricted to the same α-granule subtype as von-Willebrand factor and p-selectin. Our study also shows that F11 is present in platelets as pre-mRNA and is spliced upon platelet activation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-37
Number of pages8
JournalBlood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases
StatePublished - Mar 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017


  • Factor XI
  • RNA splicing
  • immunohistochemistry
  • platelet activation
  • platelets


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