Plant-Derived Protectants in Combating Soil-Borne Fungal Infections in Tomato and Chilli

Himanshu Arora, Abhishek Sharma, Peter Poczai, Satyawati Sharma, Farah Farhanah Haron, Abdul Gafur, R. Z. Sayyed

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Fungal infections transmitted through the soil continue to pose a threat to a variety of horticultural and agricultural products, including tomato and chilli. The indiscriminate use of synthetic pesticides has resulted in a slew of unintended consequences for the surrounding ecosystem. To achieve sustainable productivity, experts have turned their attention to natural alternatives. Due to their biodegradability, varied mode of action, and minimal toxicity to non-target organisms, plant-derived protectants (PDPs) are being hailed as a superior replacement for plant pesticides. This review outlines PDPs’ critical functions (including formulations) in regulating soil-borne fungal diseases, keeping tomato and chilli pathogens in the spotlight. An in-depth examination of the impact of PDPs on pathogen activity will be a priority. Additionally, this review emphasises the advantages of the in silico approach over conventional approaches for screening plants’ secondary metabolites with target-specific fungicidal activity. Despite the recent advances in our understanding of the fungicidal capabilities of various PDPs, it is taking much longer for that information to be applied to commercially available pesticides. The restrictions to solving this issue can be lifted by breakthroughs in formulation technology, governmental support, and a willingness to pursue green alternatives among farmers and industries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number213
JournalJournal of Fungi
Issue number2
StatePublished - 21 Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Botanical pesticides
  • Essential oil
  • In silico
  • Plant diseases
  • Plant secondary metabolites
  • Soil amendments


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