Placental miR-340 mediates vulnerability to activity based anorexia in mice

Mariana Schroeder, Mira Jakovcevski, Tamar Polacheck, Yonat Drori, Alessia Luoni, Simone Röh, Jonas Zaugg, Shifra Ben-Dor, Christiane Albrecht, Alon Chen

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21 Scopus citations


Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a devastating eating disorder characterized by self-starvation that mainly affects women. Its etiology is unknown, which impedes successful treatment options leading to a limited chance of full recovery. Here, we show that gestation is a vulnerable window that can influence the predisposition to AN. By screening placental microRNA expression of naive and prenatally stressed (PNS) fetuses and assessing vulnerability to activity-based anorexia (ABA), we identify miR-340 as a sexually dimorphic regulator involved in prenatal programming of ABA. PNS caused gene-body hypermethylation of placental miR-340, which is associated with reduced miR-340 expression and increased protein levels of several target transcripts, GR, Cry2 and H3F3b. MiR-340 is linked to the expression of several nutrient transporters both in mice and human placentas. Using placenta-specific lentiviral transgenes and embryo transfer, we demonstrate the key role miR-340 plays in the mechanism involved in early life programming of ABA.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1596
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes

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© 2018 The Author(s).


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