Pitch-angle Diffusion and Bohm-type Approximations in Diffusive Shock Acceleration

John Daniel Riordan, Asaf Pe'er

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9 Scopus citations


The problem of accelerating cosmic rays is one of fundamental importance, particularly given the uncertainty in the conditions inside the acceleration sites. Here we examine diffusive shock acceleration in arbitrary turbulent magnetic fields, constructing a new model that is capable of bridging the gap between the very weak (δB/B 0 ≪ 1) and the strong turbulence regimes. To describe the diffusion we provide a quantitative analytical description of the "Bohm exponent" in each regime. We show that our results converge to the well known quasi-linear theory in the weak turbulence regime. In the strong regime, we quantify the limitations of the Bohm-type models. Furthermore, our results account for the anomalous diffusive behavior which has been noted previously. Finally, we discuss the implications of our model in the study of possible acceleration sites in different astronomical objects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.


  • acceleration of particles
  • cosmic rays
  • methods: numerical
  • scattering
  • turbulence


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