Phase Diagram for Logistic Systems under Bounded Stochasticity

Yitzhak Yahalom, Nadav M. Shnerb

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Abstract

Extinction is the ultimate absorbing state of any stochastic birth-death process; hence, the time to extinction is an important characteristic of any natural population. Here we consider logistic and logisticlike systems under the combined effect of demographic and bounded environmental stochasticity. Three phases are identified: an inactive phase where the mean time to extinction T increases logarithmically with the initial population size, an active phase where T grows exponentially with the carrying capacity N, and a temporal Griffiths phase, with a power-law relationship between T and N. The system supports an exponential phase only when the noise is bounded, in which case the continuum (diffusion) approximation breaks down within the Griffiths phase. This breakdown is associated with a crossover between qualitatively different survival statistics and decline modes. To study the power-law phase we present a new WKB scheme, which is applicable both in the diffusive and in the nondiffusive regime.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108102
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume122
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 American Physical Society.

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