Phase behavior, diffusion, structural characteristics, and pH of aqueous hydrophobic ionic liquid confined media: Insights into microviscosity and microporsity in the [C4C4im][NTf2] + water system

Raju Nanda, Anil Kumar

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18 Scopus citations

Abstract

(Chemical Equation Presented) We present our studies on the physicochemical properties of water confined in Dibutylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonylimide) ([C4C4im][NTf2]) reverse micelles through the NMR relaxation measurements that provide us an understanding of microviscosity and pH in the confined condition. We present experimental results on phase behavior, diffusion, structural characteristics and pH in aqueous ionic liquid-confined media. The ternary phase diagram was constructed by the cloud point measurements and the microheterogeneous regions were detected by the measurement of bulk viscosity and diffusion coefficients of K4[Fe(CN)6] inside the homogeneous microemulsion systems through the cyclic voltammetric (CV) measurements. The size of the microemulsion systems was characterized by the dynamic light scattering (DLS) method. The 1H NMR spectra of homogeneous microemulsion systems were taken which indicates the presence of bound and free water molecules inside the microemulsion system. The NMR spin-lattice relaxation time (T1) of water molecules in its homogeneous microemulsion systems were measured and the reorientational correlation time (τc) of water molecules obtained from it indicates that the fluidity of homogeneous confined media decreases with the decrease in the composition of water. Microviscosity of the aqueous confined media was calculated from the measured T1 relaxation time values by applying the Debye - Stokes equation and correlated with the bulk viscosity of the samples. It was observed that both the microviscosity and bulk viscosity show inverse relationship. The fraction of bound and free water molecules were calculated from the measured T1 values. NMR spin - spin relaxation time (T2) of water molecules in its homogeneous microemulsion systems were measured with the varying pH of the aqueous core. A change in the T2 relaxation time of the water proton was observed proposing an exchange of proton between the H2O and - OH group of the TX-100 molecules. Finally, methyl orange (MO) was used as a UV - vis spectrophotometric molecular probe and the measured λmaxvalues of the probe were used for the detection of micropolarity of the homogeneous aqueous confined media and was found to be increase with the increase in the size of the confined media.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1641-1653
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume119
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 29 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 American Chemical Society.

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