Pharmacological evaluation and chemical stability of 2-benzylthioether-5′-O-(1-Thiotriphosphate)-adenosine, a new insulin secretagogue acting through P2Y receptors

D. Hillaire-Buys, L. Shahar, B. Fischer, A. Chulkin, N. Linck, J. Chapal, M. M. Loubatières-Mariani, P. Petit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Activation of P2Y receptors on pancreatic β-cells by extracellular ATP bring about amplification of glucose-induced insulin secretion, which has been shown to reduce hyperglycemia in vivo. A new P2 receptor ligand, 2-benzylthio-ATP-α-S, was synthesized based on a combination of modifications of the ATP skeleton, as a potential insulin secretagogue. The two diastereoisomers of this ligand were separated and are designated A and B. The effects of these compounds on insulin secretion and vascular resistance in the rat isolated and perfused pancreas were evaluated in the presence of a slightly stimulating glucose concentration (8.3 mM) and were compared with ATP-α-S and ATP. Both isomers of 2-benzylthio-ATP-α-S (0.015-1.5 μM) induced a concentration-dependent increase in glucose-induced insulin release. The potency of isomer A was not significantly different from that of isomer B, and both were approximately 100-fold more potent than ATE ATP-α-S induced a similar pattern of insulin response; however, it was only approximately 10-fold more potent than ATP. These compounds also induced vascular effects: ATP-α-S induced a vasodilatation and was transiently vasoconstrictor only at a high concentration, whereas the C2substituted derivative constantly induced a vasoconstriction. The chemical stability of these ligands was evaluated under physiological conditions and gastric juice pH. Hydrolysis of 2-benzylthio-ATP-α-S has been studied both in pH 7.4 and pH 1.4 at 37°C using 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and high-performance liquid chromatography. This compound exhibited high chemical stability with respect to hydrolysis of the glycosidic bond and desulfurization of the phosphorothioate moiety. Hydrolysis of the phospho ester bond, which was the only detectable degrading reaction under the investigation conditions (pH 7.4, 37°C), was slow, with a half-life of 264 h. Moreover, even at gastric juice conditions (pH 1.4, 37°C), hydrolysis of the terminal phosphate was the only detectable reaction, with half-life of 1 7.5 h. In conclusion, both isomers of 2-benzylthio-ATP-α-S are soluble in water and highly chemically stable. These compounds are highly potent and effective insulin secretagogues; however, they increase pancreatic vascular resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-43
Number of pages11
JournalDrug Development Research
Volume53
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Chemical stability
  • Insulin secretion
  • P2 receptor
  • P2Y ligand
  • Vascular resistance

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