Pharmacological characteristics of intranasal dosage forms containing Ginkgo biloba extracts

Elena V. Kovtun, Eleonora F. Stepanova, Maxim V. Chernikov, Dmitry I. Pozdnyakov, Natalia B. Shabanova, Anastasia D. Gerashchenko, Lyudmila V. Pogrebnyak, Dmitry Tworowsky

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Background: This article reviews the pharmacological characteristics of developed dosage forms for intranasal administration. The influence of the type of dosage form on the efficacy of the drug is significant. Gel-like structures are interesting objects for research. Interest in understanding the nature and properties of such structures is due to the variety of effects observed when gels are used. The active ingredient in the studied forms is ginkgo biloba extract obtained by ultrasonic extraction followed by thickening. The object of comparison is standardized dried ginkgo biloba extract (EGB 76). The study of cerebrotropic activity of the developed gels was conducted on the model of bilateral occlusion of the common carotid arteries. The studied objects and the reference preparation were administered therapeutically after modeling cerebral ischemia once a day for 3 weeks. Aim of the study: To evaluate specific pharmacological activity of the developed dosage forms of ginkgo biloba. Materials and Methods: Studies were performed in an appropriate design by simulating cerebral ischaemia in rabbits using simultaneous bilateral occlusion of the common carotid arteries. Changes in cerebral blood flow velocity were performed by Doppler using an appropriate transducer and software package. The data obtained were statistically processed using an application software package. Results: Conducted investigations revealed that under conditions of experimental cerebral ischemia simulated by simultaneous occlusion of the common carotid arteries in large laboratory animals (rabbits), the use of the developed dosage forms promoted the reduction of the severity of neurological deficit, the restoration of cerebral hemodynamics and pro/antioxidant balance in the hippocampus. Conclusions: Developed nasal gels based on chitosan and sodium alginate are promising agents for chronic cerebrovascular accident with antioxidant mechanism of action and therapeutic potential similar to oral administration of standardized ginkgo biloba extract – EGB 761.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-206
Number of pages9
JournalResearch Results in Biomedicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2022

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  • cerebrotropic activity
  • ginkgo biloba extract
  • intranasal dosage forms


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