Personal Nonverbal Repertoires in facial displays and their relation to individual differences in social and emotional styles

Herman Ilgen, Jacob Israelashvili, Agneta Fischer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Research on individual differences in the occurrence of relatively frequent facial displays is scarce. We examined whether (1) individuals’ spontaneous facial expressions show a relatively frequent pattern of AUs (referred to as Personal Nonverbal Repertoires or PNRs), and (2) whether these patterns are associated with self-reported social and emotional styles. We videotaped 110 individuals during 10 minutes in 2 different contexts and manually FACS coded 18 AUs. Subsequently, participants completed questionnaires regarding individual differences in social and emotional styles: BIS/BAS, interpersonal orientation, conflict handling style, and emotion regulation (reliably reduced to 4 factors: Yielding, Forcing, Compromising and Extraversion). We found five patterns of PNRs: Smiling (AU6,12), Partial Blinking, Drooping (AU41, 63), Tensed (AU1 + 2, 4, 7, 23), and Eyes widening (AU5). Three PNRs showed weak to moderate correlations with individual differences in social and emotional styles (based on EFA): Smiling is associated with Compromising and Extraversion, Drooping with Yielding, and Partial Blinking is negatively correlated with Extraversion. These findings suggest that some of an individual’s frequent facial action patterns are associated with specific styles in social and emotional interactions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)999-1008
    Number of pages10
    JournalCognition and Emotion
    Volume35
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Aug 2021

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

    Funding

    We want to thank Corinne Brenner, Laura Ilgen and Sara Makkenze for their invaluable support in carrying out this study, and Han van der Maas and Robert Zwitser for their statistical advice.

    FundersFunder number
    Han van der Maas

      Keywords

      • Personal Nonverbal Repertoires
      • facial displays
      • individual differences
      • social and emotional styles

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