Persistence of collective memory of corporate bankruptcy events discussed on X (Twitter) is influenced by pre-bankruptcy public attention

Kathleen M. Jagodnik, Sharon Dekel, Alon Bartal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Collective attention and memory involving significant events can be quantitatively studied via social media data. Previous studies analyzed user attention to discrete events that do not change post-event, and assume universal public attention patterns. However, dynamic events with ongoing updates are common, yielding varied individual attention patterns. We explore memory of U.S. companies filing Chapter 11 bankruptcy and being mentioned on X (formerly Twitter). Unlike discrete events, Chapter 11 entails ongoing financial changes as the company typically remains operational, influencing post-event attention dynamics. We collected 248,936 X mentions for 74 companies before and after each bankruptcy. Attention surged after bankruptcy, with distinct Low and High persistence levels compared with pre-bankruptcy attention. The two tweeting patterns were modeled using biexponential models, successfully predicting (F1-score: 0.81) post-bankruptcy attention persistence. Studying bankruptcy events on social media reveals diverse attention patterns, demonstrates how pre-bankruptcy attention affects post-bankruptcy recollection, and provides insights into memory of dynamic events.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6552
JournalScientific Reports
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 19 Mar 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2024.

Keywords

  • Bankruptcy
  • Collective memory
  • Dynamic events
  • Public attention
  • Social media

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