Peritoneal and extraperitoneal relapse after previous curative treatment of peritoneal metastases from colorectal cancer: What survival can we expect?

Maximiliano Gelli, Janina F.L. Huguenin, Thierry de Baere, Léonor Benhaim, Antoine Mariani, Valerie Boige, David Malka, Isabelle Sourouille, Michel Ducreux, Dominique Elias, Diane Goéré

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20 Scopus citations


Introduction: Over the last 20 years, complete cytoreductive surgery (CRS) combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) dramatically increased the survival of patients with colorectal peritoneal metastases (CRPM). However, despite better knowledge of the disease, around 70% of patients relapse after CRS with HIPEC. This study was designed to analyse the pattern of recurrence and the outcomes of different treatment modalities. Methods: Patients relapsing after CRS plus HIPEC for CRPM were selected from a prospective database. The impact of iterative curative-intent treatments was analysed using Kaplan–Meier estimates and multivariate Cox regression models. Results: Between April 1993 and December 2014, 190 of 274 (69%) patients previously treated by CRS plus HIPEC developed relapse, as an isolated peritoneal recurrence (31%), isolated distant recurrence (35%), or multisite recurrence (34%). The curative-intent treatment rate was 48% for isolated peritoneal recurrences, 49% for isolated distant recurrences and 22% for multisite recurrences (p = 0.002). From the diagnosis of relapse, 3- and 5-year overall survival were 77% and 46% after curative-intent treatment and 14% and 4.7% after non-curative treatment, with median survival of 59.7 and 18.3 months (log-rank p < 0.0001), respectively. Regression analysis identified the initial extent of CRPM (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.25; p < 0.0001), iterative curative-intent treatment (HR: 0.22; p < 0.0001) and disease-free interval (HR: 1.77; p = 0.01) as independent predictors of prolonged survival. Conclusions: Iterative curative-intent treatment can be performed in up to 40% of patients with relapse after CRS and HIPEC for CRPM, and is associated with prolonged survival in selected patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-103
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
StatePublished - Sep 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd


  • Colorectal cancer
  • Cytoreductive surgery
  • Intraperitoneal chemotherapy
  • Peritoneal carcinomatosis
  • Peritoneal metastases


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