Perfectionism, narcissism, and depression in suicidal and nonsuicidal adolescent inpatients

Ornit Freudenstein, Avi Valevski, Alan Apter, Ada Zohar, Gal Shoval, Eitan Nahshoni, Abraham Weizman, Gil Zalsman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between 2 psychological profiles: (a) the intrapersonal profile, involving self-critical depression, self-oriented perfectionism, and narcissism, and (b) the interpersonal profile, involving dependent depression and socially prescribed perfectionism, and the association of these 2 profiles with suicidal behavior among adolescent inpatients. Methods: One hundred adolescents, admitted to a university-affiliated psychiatric adolescent inpatient unit in Israel, completed the Depressive Experience Questionnaire for Adolescents, the Child and Adolescent Perfectionism Scale, and the Narcissistic Personality Inventory. The Suicidal Potential Interview was used to evaluate suicidal behavior and separate them into low-risk and high-risk groups. Results: Dependent depression correlated positively and significantly with severity of suicidal behavior. Adolescent inpatients with high levels of suicidal behavior (n = 54) were more dependent in terms of depression and were more inclined to socially prescribed perfectionism compared with adolescent inpatients with low levels of suicidal behavior (n = 45). The components of the intrapersonal profile did not correlate with severity of suicidal behavior; however, low narcissism scores characterized the psychological function that strongly predicted severe suicidal behavior. Conclusions: The findings indicated that the conceptualization of 2 broad intrapersonal and interpersonal profiles in adolescent inpatients may have some validity in terms of the interpersonal dimension. The components of the interpersonal profile related to severe suicidal behavior and may be important in planning treatment strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)746-752
Number of pages7
JournalComprehensive Psychiatry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Perfectionism, narcissism, and depression in suicidal and nonsuicidal adolescent inpatients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this