Patient Involvement in the Transfusion Decision-Making Can Change Patient Blood Management Practice for Better or Worse

Andrei Braester, Ety Shaoul, Oded Mizrachi, Luiza Akria, Liron Shelev, Masad Barhoum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Red blood cell transfusion (RBCT) is a therapeutic procedure with important and undesirable secondary effects. Inappropriate overuse of RBCT is significant, and a significant percentage of physicians prescribe RBCT unnecessarily. Patient involvement in treatment decision-making is poor worldwide. Shared (with the patient) transfusion decision-making (TrDM) can temper a "quick finger on the trigger"of blood transfusion (BT). The objective of this study was to determine patients' preferences surrounding their involvement in the TrDM process as well as physicians' willingness to involve the patient in TrDM. The study also determined the role of patient age, gender, ethnicity, and schooling years in the TrDM process. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a variety of departments, with 123 patients over 18 years old, who received a BT for the first time. The patients completed an anonymous questionnaire which included demographic characteristics (age, gender, ethnicity, and schooling years) and 2 questions linked to potential willingness to participate in the decision to transfuse. Results: The questionnaire response rate was 100%. The data showed that 60% of patients (especially younger patients), independent of ethnicity, preferred a passive role in TrDM and 40% preferred to share the decision. Conclusions: The majority of patients, especially younger patients, prefer a passive role in TrDM, possibly due to insufficient information about the need for BT and its significance. We feel that active involvement on the part of the patient can provoke a more judicious thought process about the real need of BT on the part of the physician and have a positive influence on patient blood management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-8
Number of pages4
JournalActa Haematologica
Volume145
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Author(s) Published by S. Karger AG, Basel.

Keywords

  • Blood transfusion
  • Questionnaire
  • Transfusion decision-making
  • Treatment decision-making

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