Parkinsons disease (PD) and related synucleinopathies are characterized by extensive neuronal cell loss, which is potentially triggered by α-synuclein misfolding and aggregation. Therefore it is reasonable to suggest that treatments targeting α-synuclein could reduce its levels and toxicity, rescue neuronal cells and halt the neurodegeneration process. Several approaches to decrease α-synuclein levels were employed thus far, mainly by using β-synuclein, another protein from the same family, or immunotherapies. These treatments demonstrated some positive results in preclinical studies, which may pave the road to the development of new promising disease-modifying therapies (DMTs). This approach should be further examined in preclinical and clinical settings, together with a clear process in order to advance candidates, enable the ability to define when there are target engagements and to detect what is a meaningful pharmacological response, and how it will be translated in clinical efficacy.
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- Parkinson's disease
- disease-modifying therapy
- multiple system atrophy