Parenting in the context of driving: Spanish adaptation of the Family Climate for Road Safety (FCRSS) for parents and children

Pablo Doncel, Mario A. Trógolo, Candida Castro, Ruben D. Ledesma, Orit Taubman – Ben-Ari, Maria Teresa Blanch, Jose Luis Padilla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The Family Climate for Road Safety Scale (FCRSS; Taubman – Ben-Ari & Katz – Ben-Ami, 2013) is a comprehensive measure originally developed in Israel to assess parent-children relations in the specific context of driving. The scale consists of seven dimensions: Modelling, Feedback, Communication, Monitoring, Messages, Limits, and Non-commitment to Safety. While the original FCRSS examines the young drivers’ perception across the seven domains, a version applicable to parents has also been developed by the same authors. The current study investigates the validity and reliability of the FCRSS-Spain for both parents and young drivers. A total of 377 parents (199 fathers and 178 mothers) and 243 of their children (143 daughters and 100 sons) responded to the FCRSS-Spain versions and provided sociodemographic data. In addition, the young drivers completed the Spanish version of the Multidimensional Driving Style Inventory (MDSI-Spain). Results from exploratory structural equation modelling (ESEM) indicate that six out of the seven FCRSS domains were replicable among Spanish drivers. The Messages dimension did not emerge as a consistent factor in the FCRSS for either parents or young drivers. All six factors demonstrated good internal consistency reliability (ordinal alpha coefficients exceeding 0.70), except for Non-commitment to safety. Significant differences were found between mothers and fathers in various FCRSS dimensions in the predicted direction, whereas no significant differences in FCRSS scores were found between young men and young women. As expected, associations were found between parents’ scores in various FCRSS dimensions and the reckless, angry, dissociative, anxious, and careful driving styles reported by the young drivers, as well as between young drivers’ FCRSS scores and their self-reported reckless, angry, dissociative, anxious, and careful driving styles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107276
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
StatePublished - Nov 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023


“We would like to thank the Spanish drivers who volunteered for the studies as well as our English reviewer, Barbara Lamplugh, for revising an improving the text of this paper. This research has been supported by the State Research Agency (SRA) (MCIN/AEI/) (PID2020-113978RB-I00 and PDC2021-12944-I00), Spain and European Regional Fund “ERDF” A way of making Europe”, and by the Junta de Andalucía I + D + I Programa Operativo FEDER Andalucía (P20_00338, A-SEJ-114-UGR20 & PYC20 RE 022 UGR), Spain. The study design, data collection, analysis and interpretation were carried out independently of the funding bodies, as were the writing up of the experiment and the decision to seek publication”

FundersFunder number
European Regional Fund
Junta de Andalucía I + D + I Programa Operativo FEDERA-SEJ-114-UGR20, P20_00338, PYC20 RE 022 UGR
State Research Agency
Society for Research on AdolescencePDC2021-12944-I00, PID2020-113978RB-I00
European Regional Development Fund


    • Driving Styles
    • Family Climate for Road Safety
    • Offspring
    • Parenting
    • Young drivers


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