Parental self-efficacy and stress-related growth in the transition to parenthood: A comparison between parents of pre- and full-term babies

Varda Spielman, Orit Taubman-Ben-Ari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of the study reported in this article was to examine how the unique circumstances of the birth of a premature baby affect the perception of parental self-efficacy and stress-related growth-which is the experience of positive change in one's life following stressful circumstances-among first-time parents and to examine the contribution of the parents' personal resources of self-esteem and attachment style, and their infant's temperament and medical condition, to their self-efficacy and stress-related growth. Forty-nine sets of parents of preterm babies and 50 sets of parents of full-term babies completed questionnaires about one month after the birth of their child. Parents of premature infants reported a higher level of stress-related growth than those of full-term infants, but no difference was found between them on parental self-efficacy. In addition, gender differences in the dependent variables, as well as significant contributions of attachment style and self-esteem, were found. Professional guidance during pregnancy, aimed at expanding parents' knowledge and understanding of the changes they can expect to undergo, may serve to enhance the positive experience of growth in the transition to parenthood.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-212
Number of pages12
JournalHealth and Social Work
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2009

Keywords

  • Parents
  • Preterm infants
  • Self-efficacy
  • Stress-related growth

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