Parental, peer and school experiences as predictors of alcohol drinking among first and second generation immigrant adolescents in Israel

Sophie D. Walsh, Amir Djalovski, Meyran Boniel-Nissim, Yossi Harel-Fisch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Ecological perspectives stress the importance of environmental predictors of adolescent alcohol use, yet little research has examined such predictors among immigrant adolescents. This study examines parental, peer and school predictors of alcohol drinking (casual drinking, binge drinking and drunkenness) among Israeli-born adolescents and first and second generation adolescent immigrants from the Former Soviet Union (FSU) and Ethiopia in Israel. Methods: The study uses data from the 2010 to 2011 Israeli Health Behaviors of School age Children (HBSC) survey and includes a representative sample of 3059 adolescents, aged 11-17. Differences between the groups for drinking were examined using Pearson's chi square. Logistic regression models were used to examine group specific predictors of drinking. Results: First generation FSU and both Ethiopian groups reported higher levels of binge drinking and drunkenness than Israeli-born adolescents. All immigrant groups reported lower levels of parental monitoring than native born adolescents; both first generation groups reported difficulties talking to parents; and first generation FSU and second generation Ethiopian adolescents reported greater time with friends. Group specific logistic regression models suggest that while parent, peer and school variables all predicted alcohol use among Israeli adolescents, only time spent with peers consistently predicted immigrant alcohol use. Conclusions: Findings highlight specific vulnerability of first generation FSU and second generation Ethiopian adolescents to high levels of drinking and the salience of time spent with peers as predicting immigrant adolescent drinking patterns. They suggest that drinking patterns must be understood in relation to country of origin and immigration experience of a particular group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-47
Number of pages9
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume138
Issue number1
Early online date12 Feb 2014
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding for this study was provided by the Israeli Ministries of Health and Education and the Israeli Anti-Drugs Authority . The government agencies funding the research were not involved in the study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the paper for publication.

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Alcohol use
  • Immigrant generation
  • Israel
  • Parental relationships
  • Peers
  • School perceptions

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