Outcomes of Transvenous Lead Extraction in a Referral Center in Northern Israel

Rabea Haddad, Edo Birati, Hiba Zayyad, Nizar Andria, Eyal Nachum, Erez Kachel, Ibrahim Marai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) are increasingly being used; thus, there is an increasing need for transvenous lead extraction (TLE). Objectives: To summarize our experience with TLE at a single referral center in northern Israel. Methods: The study included all patients who underwent TLE at our center between 2019 and 2022, regardless of the indication. Results: The cohort included 50 patients. The mean age was 69 ± 10.36 years; 78% were males. A total of 99 electrodes were targeted. The mean number of electrodes was 1.96 (range 1 -4) per patient. The time between lead implantation and extraction ranged between 1.1 and 34 years with an average of 8.14 ± 5.71 years (median of 7.5 years). Complete lead removal was achieved in 98% of patients and in 98.99% of leads. The complete procedural success rate as well as the clinical procedural success rate was 96%. The procedural failure rate was 4% (1 patient died 2 days after the index procedure and 1 patient remained with large portion of lead). The indication for TLE was infection in 78% of the cohort group. Powered mechanical sheaths were used in 36 patients (72%), laser sheaths in 27 (54%), and a combination of laser and mechanical sheaths in 16 (32%). Conclusions: The clinical and procedural success rates of TLE, primarily for CEID-related infection, were high. A combination of laser and mechanical sheaths was needed in one-third of patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-277
Number of pages5
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Israel Medical Association. All rights reserved.


  • cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs)
  • extraction
  • laser sheath
  • mechanical sheath
  • transvenous lead extraction (TLE)


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