Organic electrolyte-based rechargeable zinc-ion batteries using potassium nickel hexacyanoferrate as a cathode material

Munseok S. Chae, Jongwook W. Heo, Hunho H. Kwak, Hochun Lee, Seung Tae Hong

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191 Scopus citations


This study demonstrates an organic electrolyte-based rechargeable zinc-ion battery (ZIB) using Prussian blue (PB) analogue potassium nickel hexacyanoferrate K0.86Ni[Fe(CN)6]0.954(H2O)0.766 (KNF-086) as the cathode material. KNF-086 is prepared via electrochemical extraction of potassium ions from K1.51Ni[Fe(CN)6]0.954(H2O)0.766 (KNF-151). The cell is composed of a KNF-086 cathode, a zinc metal anode, and a 0.5 M Zn(ClO4)2 acetonitrile electrolyte. This cell shows a reversible discharge capacity of 55.6 mAh g−1 at 0.2 C rate with the discharge voltage at 1.19 V (vs. Zn2+/Zn). As evidenced by Fourier electron density analysis with powder XRD data, the zinc-inserted phase is confirmed as Zn0.32K0.86Ni[Fe(CN)6]0.954(H2O)0.766 (ZKNF-086), and the position of the zinc ion in ZKNF-086 is revealed as the center of the large interstitial cavities of the cubic PB. Compared to KNF-086, ZKNF-086 exhibits a decreased unit cell parameter (0.9%) and volume (2.8%) while the interatomic distance of d(Fe-C) increased (from 1.84 to 1.98 Å), and the oxidation state of iron decreases from 3 to 2.23. The organic electrolyte system provides higher zinc cycling efficiency (>99.9%) than the aqueous system (ca. 80%). This result demonstrates an organic electrolyte-based ZIB, and offers a crucial basis for understanding the electrochemical intercalation chemistry of zinc ions in organic electrolytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-211
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Power Sources
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the DGIST R&D Program of Ministry of Science , ICT and Future Planning of Korea (Grant No. 1501-HRLA-01 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.


  • Crystal structure
  • Multivalent-ion battery
  • Nickel hexacyanoferrate
  • Non-aqueous zinc battery
  • Prussian blue
  • Zinc-ion battery


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