Orally administered anti-eotaxin-1 monoclonal antibody is biologically active in the gut and alleviates immune-mediated hepatitis: A novel anti-inflammatory personalized therapeutic approach

Tawfik Khoury, Dory Rotnemer-Golinkin, Lidya Zolotarev, Yaron Ilan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Personalized therapies are designed to optimize the safety-to-efficacy ratio by selecting patients with higher response rates based on specific biomarkers. Inflammation plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), a common liver disorder. Eotaxin-1 plays a role in innate and adaptive immune responses. High eotaxin-1 levels are associated with diabetes and fatty liver disease and, therefore, serves as a biomarker for patient selection. The anti-eotaxin-1 monoclonal antibody is tailored for the personalized therapy of patients with inflammatory conditions due to high levels of eotaxin-1. To evaluate the biological activity and immunomodulatory effect of orally administered anti-eotaxin-1. C57B1/6 mice were treated with either oral or intra-peritoneal anti-eotaxin-1 antibody before induction of immune-mediated hepatitis using an injection of concanavalin A (ConA) and checked for liver injury and eotaxin-1 serum levels. Oral administration of anti-eotaxin-1 alleviated the immune-mediated liver injury. Serum alanine aminotransferase levels decreased to 1807 U/L, compared with 19025 U/L in untreated controls and 3657 U/L in mice treated with parenteral anti-eotaxin-1 (P < 0.005). A trend toward reduced serum eotaxin-1 levels was observed in treated mice, ranging from 594 pg/mL in the controls to 554 and 561 pg/mL in mice treated orally and intraperitoneally (P = 0.08, P = 0.06, respectively). Oral administration of anti-eotaxin-1 antibody shows biological activity in the gut and exerts a systemic immunomodulatory effect to alleviate immune-mediated hepatitis. The data suggest that testing for eotaxin-1 serum levels may enable screening patients with high-eotaxin-1 levels-associated NASH.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Volume35
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2021.

Keywords

  • NAFLD
  • NASH
  • eotaxin-1
  • immune-mediated hepatitis

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