Oral examinations: An historical note

Bernard Spolsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


A report written by J.O. Roach in 1945 for the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate appears to have been one of the first discussions in print of the problems of reliability and validity in the testing of oral proficiency in a second language. It describes a number of experiments in improving consistency in examiner's rating by joint examining and by the use of recorded samples, considers the problems of establishing valid standards in subjective testing, and proposes the development of what is now the standard form of listening comprehension test.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-173
Number of pages16
JournalLanguage Testing
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1990


Dive into the research topics of 'Oral examinations: An historical note'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this