Optimism versus pessimism and academic achievement evaluation

Yifat Harpaz-Itay, Shlomo Kaniel

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    6 Scopus citations


    This article integrates three central theories of optimism–pessimism (OP). The combination of the shared components of these theories – outcome expectancies, emotions, and behavioral intention – may produce an integrative academic achievement evaluation. Little has been written regarding the differentiation between general and domain-specific OP, a factor that is essential in describing the evaluation process of academic achievement. In this paper, we will examine this differentiation and discuss how an integrative model of the three theories is strengthened by two domains: (a) heuristic versus systematic processing styles and (b) the level of confidence in the accuracy of evaluating events. The gap between required confidence in high-personal-interest domains and actual confidence in moderate general OP influences systematic processing style and planned behavior. Based on these principles, an intervention program is suggested.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)267-280
    Number of pages14
    JournalGifted Education International
    Issue number3
    Early online date2 Feb 2012
    StatePublished - Sep 2012

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © The Author(s) 2012.


    • Optimism/pessimism
    • heuristic versus systematic processing styles
    • self-confidence


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