Optimal collective dichotomous choice under partial order constraints

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This paper generalizes optimal collective dichotomous choices by including constraints which limit combinations of acceptance and rejection decisions for m projects under consideration. Two types of constraints are examined. The first type occurs when acceptance of some projects requires acceptance of others. This type reduces the choice problem to the tractable (solvable in polynomial time) problem of finding a maximum weight closed subset of a directed acyclic graph. The second type occurs when some projects must be accepted when certain others are rejected. We show that this type renders the choice problem to be NP-complete by reduction from the problem of Vertex Cover. Applicability of the generalization to information filtering is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-364
Number of pages16
JournalMathematical Social Sciences
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2001

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Research was partially supported by NSF CAREER Award, CCR-9501355, NSF IIS9907482 and by the Schinter Foundation for Research on the Israeli Economy and Society. The authors thank the referees for providing detailed suggestions and comments.


  • Constraints
  • D70
  • D81
  • Information filtering
  • Optimal collective dichotomous choice


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